Directorate S: The C.I.A. and America's Secret Wars in by Steve Coll PDF

By Steve Coll

ISBN-10: 0241337356

ISBN-13: 9780241337356

ISBN-10: 0525528571

ISBN-13: 9780525528579

ISBN-10: 1594204586

ISBN-13: 9781594204586

Resuming the narrative of his Pulitzer Prize-winning Ghost Wars, bestselling writer Steve Coll tells for the 1st time the epic and enchanting tale of America's intelligence, army, and diplomatic efforts to defeat Al Qaeda and the Taliban in Afghanistan and Pakistan given that 9/11

Prior to 9-11, the USA were accomplishing small-scale covert operations in Afghanistan, ostensibly in cooperation, even if frequently in direct competition, with I.S.I., the Pakistani intelligence organization. whereas the U.S. used to be attempting to quell extremists, a hugely secretive and compartmentalized wing of I.S.I., referred to as "Directorate S," was once covertly education, arming, and trying to legitimize the Taliban, so one can amplify Pakistan's sphere of effect. After Sept. 11, while fifty-nine international locations, led via the U. S., deployed troops or supplied relief to Afghanistan which will flush out the Taliban and Al Qaeda, the U.S. used to be set on an invisible slow-motion collision path with Pakistan.

Today we all know that the struggle in Afghanistan may falter badly as a result of army hubris on the maximum degrees of the Pentagon, the drain on assets and provocation within the Muslim global because of the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq, and corruption. yet greater than something, as Coll makes painfully transparent, the battle in Afghanistan used to be doomed end result of the failure of the USA to recognize the motivations and intentions of I.S.I.'s "Directorate S". This was once a swirling and shadowy fight of ancient proportions, which continued over a decade and throughout either the Bush and Obama administrations, regarding a number of mystery intelligence companies, a litany of incongruous thoughts and strategies, and dozens of avid gamers, together with essentially the most renowned army and political figures. A sprawling American tragedy, the struggle used to be an open conflict of hands but additionally a covert melee of rules, secrets and techniques, and subterranean violence.

Coll excavates this grand conflict, which came about clear of the gaze of the yank public. With unsurpassed services, unique learn, and a spotlight to element, he brings to existence a story without delay gigantic and complicated, neighborhood and worldwide, propulsive and painstaking.

This is the definitive clarification of ways the USA got here to be so badly ensnared in an complicated, factional, and doubtless interminable clash in South Asia. not anything lower than a forensic exam of the non-public and political forces that form global historical past, Directorate S is an entire masterpiece of either investigative and narrative journalism.

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Directorate S: The C.I.A. and America's Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan by Steve Coll


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